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Wednesday, 28th September 2022
12.30 – 13.30 : As AFIS technology improves – who is in the driver seat: man or machine?
Bertrand Chanson, Federal Office of Police – Switzerland
13.45 – 14.15 : EU IAI Members Meeting
14.30 – 15.30 : Mobile Latents , pre implementation results
John Rieman, Dutch Police, Center for Biometrics
16.00 -17.00 : New Challenges and Needs in Law Enforcement – How AI and Big Data change the rules of the game?
Gilles Andre, OppScience
Thursday, 29th September 2022
11.00 – 12.00 : Forensic analysis of the newest deepfake videos is impossible?
Zeno Geradts, Netherlands Forensic Institute
12.30 – 13.30 : How The Media Can Help in a Forensic Cases?.
Carlos A. Gutiérrez, Ph.D. , True Forensic Science
14.30 – 15.30 : How academic – practitioner partnership can address the challenges in Forensic Science
Jo Morrissey, Forensic Capability Network and Anglia Ruskin University
16.00 -17.00 : What’s in Your Wallet: US Dollar Edition
Shelly Brazelle, United States Secret Service
Wednesday, 5th October 2022
11.00 – 12.00 : Detection and time-related change of latent fingerprint on fruits and vegetables
Murat Mert, UvA Netherlands
12.30 – 13.30 : The Siege of the Fingerprint Comparison
David Petretei, Police Major, Assistant Professor, Fingerprint Expert
14.30 – 15.30 : Pointing out the need for change – The benefits of rounded knives
Leisa Nichols-Drew, and Jo Murphy , De Montfort University and Leicester University
16.00 -17.00 : Selection criteria for identification and biometric AI technology
Teresa Wu , IDEMIA
Thursday, 6th October 2022
11.00 – 12.00 : Face Recognition – the third pillar of identification procedure
Bernhard Egger, Senior Chief Superintendent, Bayerisches Landeskriminalamt
12.30 – 13.30 :
14.30 – 15.30 : Forensic Gait Analysis: where we are and where we need to be
Professor Ivan Birch , FGA Services
16.00 -17.00 : Modern Techniques in Facial Imaging & Identification
Michael W. Streed , SketchCop® Solutions, Inc
Head of the division Latent Identification of the department Biometric Identification, Federal Office of Police in Switzerland.
In his capacity as a manager, he is in charge of the procedures regarding latent print processing. As a TP- and LP-examiner, he is also involved in the daily operational business. Bertrand holds a Masters of Forensic Sciences from the Ecole des Sciences Criminelles, University of Lausanne (CH), and the highest degree of a national latent print expert. He is member of steering committee of the ENFSI Fingerprint Working Group. Prior to his employment at the Federal Office of Police, he worked in Crime Scene Units of different cantonal police forces.
John A.J.M. Riemen is lead specialist to the Dutch Police and is the manager and custodian of the national criminal ABIS. He is in charge of the Center for Biometrics as part of the National Forensic Service Centre of the national Police and nationally responsible for the Fingerprint and Face identifications. He serves as the expert witness in court for these fields and is the strategic advisor to the office of the national Police Commissioner.
He has experience in the use of forensic fingerprint technologies, face recognition, disaster victim identification, identity management, identity fraud and process design in the field of biometrics. Mr Riemen is for more than 35 years active in law enforcement and for more than 20 years in forensic science.
He currently serves as a member of the IDEMIA Public Security Executive Users Board as international users representative.
Also he is the chosen chair of the Ridgeology sub-working group of the Interpol Disaster Victim Identification Working group.
He is guest lecturer at the University of Amsterdam and the national Police Academy.
Senior forensic scientist
Netherlands Forensic Institute
Zeno Geradts is a senior forensic scientist at the Netherlands Forensic Institute of the Ministry of Security and Justice at the Forensic Digital Biometrics Traces departement. He is an expert witness in the area of forensic (video) image processing and biometrics such as manipulation detection on deepfakes. Within the team Forensic Big Data Analysis he works in research on artificial intelligence on text, images and video. He works within the European Project ASGARD on Forensic big data analysis. He was President of the American Academy of Forensic Science 2019-2020 and chairman of the ENFSI Forensic IT Working group since 2018. From September 1st 2014, he is full professor on Forensic Data Science by special appointment at the University of Amsterdam for 1 day a week. He has been active in forensic science since 1991 and has received several awards including the Distinguished Forensic Scientist award from ENFSI in 2012.
CARLOS A. GUTIÉRREZ, Ph.D., M.S.F.S., M.Ed., M©.M.L.F.
Forensic Expert Panelist in La Red Television Network in Chile; Associate Professor, in residence, of Forensic Science at Chaminade University of Honolulu; Member of the Laboratory of Forensic Taphonomy at Forensic Science Unit of Chaminade University of Honolulu; Science Director and Instructor of True Forensic Science; Forensic International Consultant in High Profile Cases; Secretary and Member on the CSI Board of the AAFS Academy Standards Board USA; Professor in Doctorate and Masters Programs of different Universities at Bolivia and Mexico; Retired Captain of the National Chilean Police Agency (Carabineros de Chile), Former Director of the Regional Police Forensic Laboratory (LABOCAR); Former Chief of the Forensic Anthropology and Copyright of the Central Police Laboratory (LABOCAR); Former Deputy Director of the Regional Police Forensic Laboratory (LABOCAR); Involved in more than 6,000 forensic cases; Author of “Manual de Microantropología Forense” published in The United States of America in 2016; Certifications in Several Appeals Courts in Chile; Member in several Associations such us AAFS Associate Member 152015, IAI Associate Member 31208, COFSE Full Member 1811, IABPA Associate Member 3812; ACSR Member 1095.
Workforce Strategy Lead,
Forensic Capability Network
Jo Morrissey is a Workforce Strategy Lead with the Forensic Capability Network. She is working with the forensic community from policing, academia and the wider sector across England and Wales.
Jo was previously an academic for 8 years and is still a visiting Associate Professor at Anglia Ruskin University. She was a practitioner in crime scene, fingerprints and fire investigation in the UK and the US for 23 years prior to this.
Counterfeit Forensic Section, United States Secret Service
Mrs. Shelly Brazelle has been working for the federal government for over 15 years. Her federal career started with the Federal Bureau of Investigation as a Physical Scientist specializing in Latent Print Examination. Mrs. Brazelle joined the United States Secret Service in 2011, as a Fingerprint Specialist, but in 2017 she joined the Counterfeit Forensic Section. Within the Counterfeit Forensic Section, Mrs. Brazelle specializes in the authentication of US currency. She provides technical expertise to field offices regarding counterfeit investigations; examines forensic evidence in ongoing cases; issues forensic reports and provides expert testimony. Mrs. Brazelle regularly trains law enforcement entities and financial institutions in the recognition of genuine and counterfeit U.S. Currency. Additionally, she participates in adversarial analysis, forensic research, and technology development projects for new families of US currency in coordination with the Federal Reserve Board and Bureau of Engraving and Printing. Mrs. Brazelle holds a MS in Chemistry.
Chartered Forensic Practitioner (ChFP),
National Teaching Fellow (2019),
Associate Professor at De Montfort University in Leicester.
Her career in forensic science casework commenced in 2000, at the former Forensic Science Service, and more recently Cellmark Forensic Services. Leisa’s expertise is in the forensic science laboratory evidential examination, recovery, and documentation of crime scene exhibits, from a range of offences, within the disciplines of Forensic Biology (blood pattern analysis, bodyfluids examinations, DNA processing and submissions) and Evidence Recovery (including hairs, fibres and trace particulate debris, also shoe/tool/tyre mark analysis, microscopy and UV/IR imaging techniques). Additionally, as a Quality Advisor, Laboratory Auditor (ISO 17025), Technical Trainer, Subject Specialist, and Researcher.
Leisa is currently undertaking a part time PhD investigating novel fingermark development methods to aid crime scene and laboratory examinations of leather surfaces.
In 2018, Leisa was awarded a Churchill Fellowship to investigate international knife crime approaches for knife crime offences to aid the UK situation. Her proactive and reactive research recommendations resulted in a journal publication which concluded that less-lethal novel knives with rounded tips, do not penetrate clothing fabrics in a stabbing motion therefore reducing the potential occurrence of injuries when compared to conventional pointed kitchen knives. This research was recognised with an award in 2021. Leisa’s Churchill Fellowship has led to updates to UK police forces, a submission to the House of Lords forensic science enquiry, was referred to in the National Police Chiefs’ Council (NPCC) publicity material coinciding with the legislative changes to the Offensive Weapons Act (2019), and has been disseminated around the world.
In 2020, Leisa co-founded an international network called #RemoteForensicCSI with two other National Teaching Fellows: Dr Rachel Bolton-King (Staffordshire University) and Professor Ian Turner (University of Derby) to support academics and practitioners in forensic science training and education, with the transition to online learning, during the Covid-19 pandemic. The #RemoteForensicCSI community has a membership from five continents.
In 2021, Leisa was part of the reading group for the QAA Benchmark Standards in Forensic Science. Leisa is an elected member of the Executive Council of the British Academy of Forensic Sciences and sits on the Membership and Ethics Committee of the Chartered Society of Forensic Sciences.
UG Programme Diretor in the School of Criminology at the University of Leicester
Jo is the UG Programme Director in the School of Criminology at the University of Leicester, primarily focusing her teaching and research on Criminal Justice, Policing and Forensic Science. Upon graduating with a BA (Hons) in Criminology, she joined the Police Service in the UK, before becoming an academic. Jo holds a Diploma in Crime Scene Investigation, an MSc in Forensic Science and a PhD in the development of latent fingermarks at crime scenes. Jo has taught at a number of universities in the UK and holds a Postgraduate Certificate in Learning and Teaching in Higher Education. She is also a Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy and was awarded a University Distinguished Teaching Fellowship. Jo is a member of national forensic science advisory groups, in addition to playing an active role within a number of research and teaching networks. Jo holds membership of various professional societies relating to criminal justice, criminology and forensic science.
Innovation and Client Engagement, IDEMIA
Teresa Wu is Vice President of Innovation and Client Engagement for IDEMIA. Ms. Wu’s career began with Morpho in 2001, then she served as Global Software Solutions Marketing Director for a Fortune 500 company until 2015. She rejoined one of the U.S. subsidiaries of IDEMIA in 2015 to serve as the Senior Director of Strategic Marketing and Government Relations. Until recently, she served as the Vice President of Product Management for IDEMIA Identity and Security business unit in North America.
In the past 20 years, she has actively participated in and led various industry advocacy groups devoted to AFIS technology, facial recognition, public security and identity and biometric standards. Previously, she led the product management group in North America. Teresa oversaw 5 product portfolios levering technologies including cloud computing, biometrics hardware, digital identity, artificial intelligence, and video. In her current role, Ms. Wu serves as a cross functional team leader to drive client success activities within the business unit, bringing her extensive experience and domain expertise to focus on Innovation, Strategy, Corporate Social Responsibility, Intellectual Property, and Industry Advocacy.
In 2016, Ms. Wu was recognized for her contributions to the biometrics industry and was one of five recipients of the Women in Biometrics award. The Security Industry Association named Ms. Wu as one of the two recipients of the 2017 Statesman Award. Ms. Wu was recognized for her pivotal role in the association advocacy effort in supporting effective and appropriate use of biometric technology at the Federal and State levels. In 2020, with a group of IDEMIA executives, Ms. Wu has co-founded Women in IDEMIA Network (WIN) for the North America region which is the first company Employee Resource Group fostering women career development and diversity initiatives. Ms. Wu is a board member of FIDO Alliance, the Security Industry Association, Vice President of the European Division of The International Association for Identification and a member of the leadership team of the Women in Identity organizations.
She obtained International Management bachelor’s degrees at the Montpellier Sup de Co Group Business School in France and the Newcastle School of Management in the UK. She received her MBA from Rawls College of Business, Texas Tech University and Master of International Business from the Montpellier Sup de Co Group Business School.
PROFESSOR IVAN BIRCH
Consultant Expert Witness in Forensic gait analysis, FGA Services
Professor Ivan Birch is Consultant Expert Witness in forensic gait analysis with FGA Services and Emeritus Professor of Human Sciences. Ivan graduated in 1978 with a BSc Joint Honours in Science from the University of Salford, gained an MSc in Human Biology from the University of Loughborough in 1980, and was awarded a PhD in Biomechanics by the University of Brighton in 2007. He has extensive experience of teaching biomechanics, anatomy, physiology and research methods, and is a Member of the Chartered Society of Forensic Sciences. In 2015 he was awarded the status of the Chartered Scientist by the Science Council for his work in gait analysis as evidence. Ivan is included on the National Crime Agency Specialist Operations Centre Expert Witness Advisers Database in the UK, and has more than 40 years’ experience of gait analysis.
Police Major, Assistant Professor, Fingerprint Expert
David Petretei was born in 1983 in Hungary and got his degree in law in 2006. Also got a BSc in latent prints and MA in criminalistics. He has been serving as a policeman in Hungary since 2006; till 2018 he was a crime scene investigator, since 2018 he teaches at the National University of Public service, Faculty of Law Enforcement. He is a member of the IAI since 2012, a founding member of the EU IAI, and chairperson of the ENFSI Scene of Crime Working Group.
Head of the Central Criminal Investigation Services Department, Bavarian State Criminal Police Office, Munich, Germany
Bernhard has 45 years of experience in the Bavarian Police organisation and is the head of the Central Criminal Investigation Services Department. He has a wide range of policing experience and is responsible for the cybercrime centre, cybercrime investigations, cybercrime tracing and open-source intelligence.
Bernhard is a member of the International Association of Crime Analysts (IACA) and member of the committee for development in Europe and has been involved in International cooperation in police work across the world throughout his career.
Forensic Gait Analysis: where we are and where we need to be – Professor Ivan Birch, FGA Services
The use of gait as evidence has come a long way since its first recorded use in 1839. The field of work now has standards of professional practice, international competency testing, and in the UK is listed in the Forensic Science Regulator’s ‘Codes of Practice and Conduct for Forensic Science Providers and Practitioners in the Criminal Justice System’. In the US an Exploratory Task Group on Gait Analysis has now been established under the auspices of the VITAL subcommittee of OSAC. Nevertheless in common with all forensic disciplines developmental progress needs to be maintained, new areas research identified and actioned, and challenges made to uninformed opinions published by those with little or no understanding of the area of work
This presentation will consider the progress made during the last 10 years in establishing forensic gait analysis as an accepted forensic discipline, and what needs to be achieved during the next 10 years to enhance its position in forensic science, and educate the wider scientific and criminal justice system community.
Mobile Latents , pre implementation results form the Dutch Police – John A.J.M. Riemen, Dutch Police, Centre for Biometrics
The Dutch Police is implementing ” Mobile Latents” app on their police service smart phone. With this app the CSI can register, photograph and send in the latents by smart phone directly to the national AFIS. This as part of a strategy to speed up the processing of forensic information and use this as steering information at the beginning of an criminal investigation.
What’s in Your Wallet: US Dollar Edition – Shelly Brazelle, United States Secret Service
Do you ever end up with US Dollars in your purse or wallet? Do you know what security features to look for to authenticate these banknotes? Or maybe you must determine the authenticity of US banknotes in your investigations? This presentation will briefly cover the genuine security features on US banknotes.
Pointing out the need for change – The benefits of rounded knives – Leisa Nichols-Drew and Jo Dawkins, De Montfort and Leicester Uni
In the UK, there has been a significant rise in the number of offences involving sharp or bladed weapons over the past decade. In the year ending December 2021 there were 46,950 knife-enabled crimes (ONS, 2022a); with 40% of all homicides in England and Wales involving the use of kitchen knives according to the Home Office Homicide Index (ONS, 2022b). Therefore, our research explored an alterative type of knife, which could prevent numerous incidents each year, due to it having a rounded tip rather than the traditional pointed end. The study focused on two particular aspects relating to knife crime – sharp force trauma and fingermark recovery. The sharp force trauma study involved the penetration of a range of upper and lower clothing garments (jumper, t-shirt, skirt, jeans) with round tipped and conventional knives. The findings highlighted that round tipped knives did not penetrate the clothing, unlike traditional knives, thus making them a less-lethal alternative. The round tipped knives were then examined further to determine if it was possible to apply conventional powder processes to develop latent fingermarks on both the blades (which are non-stick coated) and the handles (which are silicon-based). The results demonstrated that powders are a very effective method of developing latent marks, even when aged for 1 week. Our results highlight the need for intelligent knife design, not only to prevent and reduce knife related crime, but also assist in the identification of offenders and detection of knife crimes. Ultimately, this presentation will be of interest to those undertaking such investigations around the world.
Forensic analysis of the newest deepfake videos is impossible? – Zeno Geradts, Netherlands Forensic Institute
The newest deep learning algorithms that are available to the wide audience for making deepfake videos are becoming more sophisticated. In this presentation we will show an overview of making deepfake videos as well as how to do the analysis. Also the question if a video is authentic has to be answered. The forensic analysis of deepfake videos needs the combination of knowledge of artificial intelligence, and needs a multi disciplinary approach. We will show the different aspects that needs to be analyzed, from lip synchronization, to time of recording and speaker analysis as well as face comparison, camera identification and analysis of digital evidence.
How academic – practitioner partnership can address the challenges in Forensic Science – Jo Morrissey, Forensic Capability Network and Anglia Ruskin University.
To be added
Modern Techniques in Facial Imaging & Identification – Michael W. Streed, SketchCop® Solutions, Inc.
Facial identification is one of the oldest and most subjective of forensic identification techniques. Though not an exact science, facial identification techniques yield important clues to a person’s identity. Facial identification has helped law enforcement collect evidence, secure confessions and narrow the field of potential suspects and victims to allow more precise forensic identification tools and techniques to make positive identifications.
In this presentation we will examine popular facial identification techniques and how converting to a digital platform holds the potential for wider use and success during criminal investigations.
How The Media Can Help in a Forensic Cases?. – Carlos A. Gutiérrez, Ph.D. True Forensic Science
The presenter will explain communications techniques for Forensic Scientist and use it in the media (TV networks, Newspapers, social media, among others). Also, the presenter will analyze high profile cases he worked and he implemented this techniques.
Detection and time-related change of latent fingerprint son fruits and vegetables – Fatih KOLAY 1, Murat MERT 2, Ersin KARAPAZARLIOGLU 3, Gurol CANTURK 4, (1. Forensic Science Institute Ankara University, Ankara – Turkey 2. Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam-Netherland 3. University of Ruhr Bochum, Behavioural Biology And Biology Education, Germany 4. Faculty of Medicine, Ankara University, Ankara- Turkey)
Fingerprints are the most important physical evidence and among the types of evidence most frequently encountered by technical personnel working in crime scene investigation units throughout their working life. Fingerprinting has an important role in the effective conduct of forensic investigations aimed at enlightening theft, sexual crimes, terrorist incidents and murder, and similar crimes. Fingerprints are one of the most valuable pieces of evidence in the hands of investigators in determining the identity of an unidentified person or each individual in mass deaths. The fingerprint could give clear results that can spot directly by a person. With the development of science and technology, today it has become possible to obtain fingerprints from many surfaces. Fingerprints are used in many studies, from determining profiling to race identification.
In this study, it is aimed to detect fingerprints on fruits and vegetables, which method (normal black powder, magnetic powder, superglue) can be used to obtain fingerprints on which surface, and how much the fingerprint will be protected on the detected surface depending on time. Six fruits and vegetables were selected for the experimental sample, including apples, oranges, tomatoes, potatoes, cucumbers, and eggplants, which may be encountered on the scene. Fingerprints issued by eight volunteers people of different ages were examined and observed for 7 days by using all three methods. Fingerprints obtained for comparative analysis were photographed in scale.
In this study, important data were obtained on how to detect fingerprints suitable for comparison at the vegetables and fruits and which technique will be used.
Keywords: Crime Scene, Fingerprint, Forensic Science, Fruit and Vegetable samples.
As AFIS technology improves – who is in the driver seat: man or machine? – Bertrand Chanson, Federal Office of Police – Switzerland
AFIS technology is getting more and more powerful and automation in latent processing (key-words: image-only-search, auto-encoding) is a hot topic. It leads to surprising good or bad results, which raise mixed feelings of latent print examiners (LPEs). The lecture demonstrates AFIS-based, unexpected hits but also unexpected AFIS/LPE-based missed hits. We like to discuss these results, its influence on LPE’s mindset and its impact on the applicability of ACE-V methodology.
Selection criteria for identification and biometric AI technology – Teresa Wu, Idemia
Artificial Intelligence (AI ) has accelerated the speed of pattern recognition algorithm development. As a result, there has been a rapid increase in the number of AI companies providing object recognition, biometrics, Optical Character Recognition (OCR) and video analytics algorithms to the marketplace and an explosion in the number of algorithm options for a wide range of AI-empowered capabilities. While AI has accelerated progress in the field of biometric algorithm development, it has also created new challenges for technology developers and end-user organizations to overcome. One challenge in particular, is algorithm bias. The impact of this bias places an undue burden placed on the individual to overcome the challenges caused by this failure in the AI enabled technology. In this presentation, we would like to introduce a qualification framework that extends beyond technical considerations to support your organization’s selection of identification and biometric technologies.
The Siege of the Fingerprint Comparison – David Petretei, Police major, assistant professor, fingerprint expert. Hungary
The forensic sciences have been under siege since the Daubert trilogy, with notable milestones like some US court decisions, the report of the NAS in 2009, and the PCAST in 2016. Challenges of the fingerprint comparing method as a forensic method can be classified into three groups, all are based on the lack of the epistemic background of pattern recognitions. The presentation will clarify the three classes of challenges, and offer possible solutions for them.